The sign of the town Bystré represents a stunt hunter who is striking a bear to death with a spear at the edge of a deep forest. The legend below explains the story on the sign:
In the time Bystré was connected to Svojanov, the taxes from Bystré and joined villages were taken away to Svojanov. They were carried by a man- he was apparently one of the aldermen. Once he was attacked by a bear in the deep forests between Hartmanice and Svojanov. The man pierced him with a spear. The feature of his heroic act became a symbol of the town and it still remains till present.
You can also find this sign on the oldest preserved seal of Bystré.
On 26 June 1914 twenty-six men of the ordinary forces and sixteen men fighting for the country go away from Bystré.
In 1914-1918 there were 434 men enlisted from the town. The following were killed or died in a field:
Fifty men from Bystré entered the forces abroad, sixteen ot them died.
František Mensi ( 1753 - 1829 )
There is a name of a child Fraciscus Anton ( the registrar forgot the letter ¨“n“in the name Franciscus) and parents Barbara and Petrus Mensi in the register of people born in the town of Bystré.
Marie Františka from Hohenems, a fourteen-year old countess, was one of the godparents at the christening in the chapel of Virgin Mary at Bystré castle. Frank´s father Petrus Alexi Mensi (Dlabač wrote that he was of Venetian origin) was an employee of a Swiss nobleman family of Earls from Hohenems. He worked as a “Hausmeister” and his task was to educate the Earl´s daughters.
You can find the Italian surname Mensi in the local registers several times, but all of them from the time around 1750s.
This family probably arrived together with the Earl František Rudolf from Hohenems, who got married in Italy and came to Bystré with his small children. He chose Bystré as his residential town.
However, the family of Frank´s mother Barbara, born Bidmanová (christened Anna Barbara Francisca on 30 November 1728) has been documented in economic books of Bystré and its surroundings since the beginning of the 17 century.
Prague is another place where Mensi worked and gained higher education. He went away to Prague together with his parents. He studied humanism at Jezuits and gained the Master´s degrese of Philosophy. He acted as an educator in the
monastery´s boarding house (St. Bartoloměj). In these years he was educated in music, too. Before 1774 he had to attend music lessons at the world famous cello player and composer Josef Rejcha (1752-1795). It´s interesting that Rejcha wan only one year older than Mensi. At that time Rejcha´s successful music path started. The pupil of František Josef Werner (1710-1768) was the first cello player in the princely band Ottingen-wallerstein in Švábsko and then the concert master of the Bonn band, whose member was also Beethoven. Even Leopold Mozart thought highly of Rejcha.
Then Mensi studied music piece and playing the violin by the famous Czech composer and member of Servit Institute Kajetán Vogl (1750-1794). Vogl was the pupil of František Václav Habermann (1706-1783), the same as Josef Mysliveček.Vogl´s compositions were spread on the Czech galleries .
In 1776 František Mensi got a Bachelor´s degrese in Theology. He was concecrated for a priest on the day of The Holly Trinity and in the same year (on 9 June) went away as a padre to his first clerical place – Smečno.It was a residential tlen of a powerful nobleman Martinic clan (since 1791- Clam-Martinic).
He worked here as a clerical protector and a composer, as the records in different official books , 26 preserved compositions in Smečno, music collection on the Church of The Holly Trinity and several composition transcripts of other authors show.
Here he spěny eleven years as a padre, till 3 June 1787. After that he became an administrator in Kvílice for a short time. However, on 7 September he went away from here as an administrator to Hobšovice, where there was a lokalie established and after two months , after the competitive examination, he became their first localist.
(Before this emperor´s regulation the clerical duty in small towns was done by bigger deaneries and rectories where there were more priests. Later the small local rectories became from the localies.)
He spent 18 years in Hobšovice. Then he lived in the local school for 7 years, the gained 600 gold crowns for material for building of the localie. 1100 gold crowns came from his own financial sources and he finished the new building mostly without anyone else´s help.
On 16 August 1805 he became a dean in Družec and after four years in Pchery
(4 July 1809). However, he didn´t arrive in Pchery for the first time. He administrated the local rectory already in 1787-1788. In this village, which as the other Mensi´s places of work belonged to the earldom of Martinic family, the priest František Mensi spent the last years of his life.He died here when he was almost 77 years old on 28 December 1829. He was buried on the last day in this year on a local cemetery at St. Štěpán church. At the beginning of the 20 century this cemetery was cancelled and removed, unfortunately without the Mensi´s grave.
František Mensi was also a music teacher. He taught playing the violin and cello. He was an expert instrumentalist, as we can see in his music parts. Mainly violin parts are very lively, rich and a bit difficult. The last written records in the rectory archive in Smečno, giving František Mensi´s name, are from a small book or an exercise book about the masses written since 1826. The first mass was devoted to Mensi on 30 December 1829 and the following day.
Then he writes, which compositions he composed: Offertoria, Gradualia, Arie, Roraty, Antifony, Litaniae, Masses,Symphonies and Kvartets.
While making the topic composition catalogue of F. Mensi, no Symphony, Kvartet or Litaniae was discovered. The Smečno music collection in the church of The Holly Trinity is certainly the place, where Mensi´s music was discovered and the largest number of compositions was preserved. 26 compositions were preserved here, 15 of them are his own handwritings. 40 compositions were discovered so far, 17 of them can be found only in Smečno. Even if K. Vogl and F.X. Brixi are still in the consciousness of music historicians, their music is a lot unknown. Professional choirs hardly ever start with studying an unknown part. The amateur choirs try to bring to life music traditions of their ascendants. Good luck that Mensi´s work was not only discovered, but also brought to life. And we have another chance to appreciate a high level of Czech music, that was formed outside the big traditional cultural centres.
While comparing we mustn´t forget that for the rest of his life František Mensi lived only in small unimportant villages (except of 11 years spent in Smečno) and his connection with the rich cultural life was restricted a lot.
His real name was Emil Frída. He was born in a merchant´s family in Louny on 17 February 1853. When he was young his interests were mainly influinced by his uncle, the dean in Ovčáry near Kolín. Here he spent many years as a boy. He studied the Grammar school in Klatovy and after the school leaving examination started to study Theology. In the first term he changed for the Philosophy Faculty , where he studied Philosophy, History and Romance languages. After three years of his studies he left for northern Italy as an educator. His first lyric novel ´From Deep´appeared before his departure.
The poet Jaroslav Vrchlický often stayed in Bystré at his son-in-law Gabriel Čapa. He spent his holidays and free time here. He often went for a walk in the surroundings, made some notes about the outskirts and its people and thought about his rich verses. In Bystré he was inspired by the surroundings and wrote a ballad ´Decayed Corn.´ It show a useless work of a farmer.
There was a farmer ploughing his field near Bystré when suddenly a raven flew and said in a human voice: ´You´re working hard but you´ll never have a harvest. Everyone was terrified with what the raven had said. The result was, however, their death. What the raven had said came true: there was nobody to reap the corn and so it decayed after several rainy days.
´When I saw Bystré from that side for the first time in 1868, I was so impressed with the view that I started to long for staying and working here as a tracher and educator in motherly Czech language, ´ so remembered Josef Václav Kryšpín his first view of Bystré from St. Jan Nepomucký Chapel near Hartmanice, where he took part in a funeral of Ernestina, a single lady from Langet. He said his wish to the dean in Stašov, the dean told it to the office in Polička. At that time the graduate of the teacher´s office in Mladá Boleslav, worked as a teacher at the German one-class school in Stašov.
He was born on 16 August 1848 in Kopidlno near Jičín and his parents wanted to have him near his home. However, Josef Václav longed for the Bohemian-Moravian Highlands. His father understood his big wish and calmed down the crying mother with these words: ´ Don´t cry, mum, there is brad that has two crusts everywhere.´
He was accepted very friendly in Stašov and in the teacher´s family he felt as if he was at home. He didn´t have problems with German in the lessons, he got used to the explosive local dialect. Thanks to his nice access he captured curious eyes of children from the village.
The office in Polička agreed with the wish of young Kryšpín and he was named a teacher at the three-class school in Bystré with a pay 50 gold crowns a year. The headteacher František Schulz gave him the first class. After his colleague Hladík went away to Vienna, there were only him and the headteacher for three classes with 300 children. He was named a headteacher after 7 years. At that time he married Žofie Schrammová – the daughter of the headforester. They had three sons – Vojtěch, Josef and Karel. The family lived very modestly from a low teacher´s pay. Nevertheless, they enabled the boys to study.
Kryšpín´s records give evidence about well-considered and stubborn work of a young teacher, who tried to raise the level of teaching, which wasn´t easy at all. He had to overcome the opposition against the state school supervision, prolonged school attendance from 12 to 14, apply the extended teaching programme of real subjects, drawing and the principle of object teaching.
He devoted a big effort to understanding both parents and school. He gave advice and taught them not to miss their children´s education to life, even in the poorest families. He understood small children´s naughties and solved them with an agreement and kind words.
´ It is spoken about parents with respekt at school, pupils are taught to be obedient and have a respekt to thein parents …And that´s why I ask parents to speak about school and teachers with a fair esteem and to akcept our instructions with trust and friendship. ´
After many years of his work in Bystré he said: ´ My effort for understanding parents and teachers wasn´t abortive and it was a nice satisfaction for me.´
The teacher´s work led to relieving the hard job of teaching. Kryšpín´s patriotic is an example of boundless love for his country and although there were many stones and thorns in his life, he loved his country and taught the other people to love it, too.
Shortly after his arrrival in Bystré he organized a walk of Citizen and young people to Nedvězí with a patriotic programme. After the arrival in the town the enthusiastic participants sang a song Where is my home? and Hey, Slavs in front of the alderman Ignác Hejtmánek´s house.
In 1869 he prepared together with children a popular play with songs Young Bethlehm´s shepherds, the picture of children´s life.The appearence of young people was successful and gave a stimulation for the performance of adults. Josef Václav Kryšpín wrote a very nice play for children The Time of Youth The Time of Pleasure. It was introduced for several times on Bystré boards and published twice.
Kryšpín wanted the young people to express their relationship with their home and country with deed. With a group of young people he organized walks and friendly meetings full of national and folk songs and dancing.
His connection with the life in the village enabled him a purposeful public function but he could also hear many spiteful comments that concerned him very acridly and unpleasantly. He organized winter economic courses for young farmers with a view to theoretical and practical farming and land fertilization, raising the level of cattle krepiny and higher efficiency of farming.
He stood at the birth of The Committee of Voluntary Firemen and The Firemen Association of Polička Distrikt and became its first mayor. He worked as an auditor for Citizens Spare Fund and was a careful observer of its guidance. He supported the activities of the local reader´s club and brought to life singing. He said that it influences all the life and gives power and flexibility to human mind.He was glad to see the awakening of motherly language and intensified love for his native country.Josef Václav Kryšpín was one of the founders of The Theatre Amateurs Club. His activities reached a big favour in the poor conditions and not only local people were connected with theatre plays. The performance had to be repeated next Sunday. Josef Václav Kryšpín directed the plays, made copies of the parts and notes. In short, he did almost everything. No work was foreign for him. He was named one of the protectors by the Club.
The amateurs expressed their national feeling by choosing the plays and by the presents from theatre performances incomes. For example, in 1889 they were one of the first people to contribute with 15 gold crowns for renovation The National Theatre building destroyed by fire.
Tereza Nováková visited Bystré for the first time in 1893. Josef Václav Kryšpín became her informant and guide, acquainted her with the local archives, an eighty-one years old chimney sweeper Federsel, Brtoun´s cottage and many other remarkable places, that the writer used in the novel ´Na Librově gruntě´. She expressed a hearty word of thanks and a grateful memory on the title sheet of the book.
Josef Václav Kryšpín took psina for new school building being built, because the old school in the square from 1828 wasn´t suitable enough. He asked Hynek Macků. Under his guidance the building was built for 109,194 crowns-very low charges. In October 1903 a small ceremony took place in the new building.Many distinguished guests participated in and Josef Václav Kryšpín summarized the process of work and appreciated his desert for building the school.
After his interrupted work in Bystré, the headmaster Kryšpín moved to Prague with his wife Žofie so as he could spend his merited rest with his sons. He was very proud of them. When he came to Bystré in 1868, everything was still ´German ´. In the time of his arrival you could see the fruit of his work, economic progress and civil and national awakening.´Now everything is bowling up with progress and innovation, ´ he wrote before his arrival and called on the Citizen for inflaming love for the native country and home. In short, his life was the life of a Czech teacher.
In 1902 he was decorated a headmaster for his extraordinary desert in education. However, there was the name ´national virtues excitor ´above all. Josef Václav Kryšpín was the witness of the state take-over in October 1918 and the rise of Czechoslovak state. From the big pleasure he wrote poems with the historic date 28 October 1918. He stood at the foundation on The Club of the Natives of Bystré and thein Friends in Prague. He took part in organized actions together with his sons. He lectured and organized friendly meetings. On the occasion of the gold wedding he was named a honourable member of the Club. In remembrance of the first congress of the natives in 1928 his pupil Adolf Novotný made a book with the title From Kryšpín´s lectures and notes. That´s why many of Kryšpín teacher´s activities and interesting facts from Bystré and its surroundings remained preserved.
In spring 1927 J.V.Kryšpín started to feel ill and died in the middle of his family on 4 September 1927. He was buried on Olšany cemetery. There was a big crowds of people from Bystré , the Club of Natives and guests from Prague and Davle on Sázava where he spent summer months at his oldest son Vojtěch, the cheef designer of locomotives. There is a big tree that inclines its branches above his thomb.
A blackbird appears with its bird songs in the branches of this tree.
Next year The Club of the Natives set in a memorial plague on the old school building from gratitude for everything he did in Bystré, not only for his work in education but also for deeping of progress in the whole part of the Czech-Moravian Highlands.
He was born on 4 April 1812 at number 82 in Bystré as one of seven children of a furrier Vojtěch and Rozálie Federsel. He went from the school in Bystré to Chrudim, where he serve dout a chimney sweeper. His father had to pay 205 golden crowns and young Čeněk (as he was called) gained lively memories of his master, but for ´ hunger in Chrudim´ , too. He went away and worked by different masters for 7 years. They were very satisfied with him, because he was reliable and loyal. He came back to his birth place when he was 26 years old and required a license for a chimney sweeper master. His application was accepted. In his job Federsel gained a respect and favour of citizens form Czech and German villages.
While working in the castle, he noticed a servant Klárka. A close relationship came into being.
Federsel´s writing aktivity starts before the year 1848. He made copies of the book ´ Home Doctor´, which is full of herbal recipes.He also made coppies of Havlíček´s Epistols Kutnohorske and a large History of Spanish Inquisition. There were big fires in Bystré at that time, that destroyed different houses and the whole lines of houses.
Vincenc Federsel also wrote two books: Historic Collections of the Town Bystré and its surroundings with transcripts of different documents and data. It contained 754 pages. On these bases he wrote The Chronicle of the Town Bystré and the History of the Castle Svojanov.
Václav Batík was born in Čáslav on 19 October in 1858. He passed the Grammar school in Kutná Hora and took his degree at the Polytechnic University in Prague. He became a technical chemist in Čáslav and Studněves. He worked as a teacher since 1880. He taught in Bělá near Luže, was a school controller and later a headteacher in Dolní Lhota. He became a Science and Technology special teacher at a school in Polička. He became a headmaster at the town´s school in Bystré in 1903.
In 1904 he finished building the new town school for boys in Bystré. He also suggested opening the school for girls and the fourth class at the boy´s school.
He equipped special studies and the school library. He made excursions to industrial factories in Bystré and its surroundings to let the pupils know the production and real work. The headteacher Jan Drůbek helped him with foundation of the school garden. Batík suggested building the skating rink and swimming pool for children and adults. He wanted to organize skiing competitions. He wrote books about Bystré. He went away from Bystré in August 1920. He died on 2 November 1921 on Smíchov.
Source: The Book about Bystré, volume 5
She was born on 29 January 1861 in a military bandmaster´s family in Moravia
She inheritted music talent from his father. She was a patriot and a writer but also a musician. She died in Bystré in 1919, at the age of 58.
She belonged to the most important people from Bystré. She participated in the activities of regional magazines and clubs in Olejnice in Moravia, Polička and Bystré. If the time of Václav Batík´s function in Bystré is called ´ Batík era, ´ his wife also took part in this. She served out a teacher, but was teaching for only two years. Her weak body didn´t enable her to be a teacher any more. In Bystré she wrote a play of tales with songs The Golden Circle.
In January 1919 Marie Batíková wrote to her friend in Polička: ´ I´m on my retirement for Slávka. My suffering lasts too long. I´ve been suffering from a heart disease for 5 months. But there´s no hope for recovering. I suffer a lot and it will even be worse, before the end will come.´
Source: The Book About Bystré, volume 5
MUDr. Jan Drůbek (1869-1941), the state district doctor, came to Bystré from Žďárské Mountains in 1905. He moved with his wife Adolfa and children Hana and Jan into the house (numer 181), which served as a mobility doctors´house.
Jan Drůbek was born on 29 April in Blatná in South Bohemia as a son of a headteacher. Talking about his height he was short, but big of spirit.He went down into the lively civil life as a wheel into a wheelwork and became another important person who influenced and made cultural and social life in Bystré.
As a doctor he didn´t have an easy life. The practical aktivity in the surgery and the whole district needed his whole person. He worked in 30 villages during the First World War. He devoted many of his memories to living conditions of people during the war, whose witness he was. However, he wrote down stories that seasoned the war life, too.
His surgery on a hill above Bystré smellt good and you could find there everything a doctor needs for his profession.In 1909 he found together with some enthusiastics an amateur association Tyl that chose Tyl´s Strakonický Bag-piper as its first performance.
Jan Drůbek was elected a mayor of Sokol because the headmaster Batík resigned. He had such a big responsibility he never thought about. When The Municipal Office in Bystré received a telegram from Prague about the rise of an independent Czechoslovac state with hints for new state life, MUDr. Jan Drůbek became a man of October. He was in the lead of events and as a mayor of TJ Sokol he accepted the loyalty oath to the Czechoslovac Republic from all the soldiers in the village.
In 1921 the mayor Jan Drůbek became a chairman of the dramatic department, but he also directed the theatre and worked as an actor.
Nothing could discourage the doctor from his active work, not even intestinal typhoid in 1923 or a serious disease and treatment in Poděbrady in 1929-1930.
Much more worries appeared in connection with the building of the Sokolovna house. After becoming a mayor, he would never say that he will build the Sokolovna house in Bystré. ´ It was an action that deserves admiration for courage, devotion and diligence of all those who took part in it.´ This was the way Jan Drůbek understood the memorial plague above the entrance into the theatre hall. The plague was donated him by members of Sokol.
The foundations of the building were laid down in 1932. Plans were made by the doctor´s son ing. Jan Drůbek with the budget 667,000 Czech crowns. However, at disposal were only 75,247 Czech crowns. Problems with covering the credits appeared during the building and there was a danger of stopping all the activities.That´s why Jan Drůbek decided that he will ensure a personal credit for 50,000 Czech crowns at the doctor´s spare fund, so as they could continue. The building lasted for another two years. On 28 October 1933 the first meeting took place in the theatre hall. There was a three-day ceremony in honour of finishing the building Sokolovna house in Bystré in July 1934. Jan Drůbek said: ´ It was such a ceremony that Bystré has never seen before and won´t see for a long time.´ The members worked on the building for 50,000 hours and financial charges were 340,000 Czech crowns.
In Apríl 1939, one month after the German occupation a general meeting of TJ Sokol took place, where brother and sisters said goodbye to his doctor. The mayor Stanislav Elčkner appreciated his deserves with sincere words. MUDr. Jan Drůbek was named an honourable member and mayor of Sokol and an honourable citizen of the town, too. After that he moved to Prague.
In Apríl 1941 intruders broke up Sokol and confiscated the property. MUDr. Jan Drůbek couldn´t see this because he died quietly in his flat in Prague on 29 March 1941 and three days later a funeral ceremony took place in Strašnické crematorium.
The village of Svojanov is located in the deep valley of the Kretinka River, in the eastern part of Pardubice District, Czech Republic. The earliest records mentioning this village date back to 1287. Its history is very closely linked with Svojanov Castle that Premysl Otakar II ordered built to protect the Trestenice trade route. The castle later became a residence of Zavis of Falkstejn and Queen Kunhuta. The village also comprises several hamlets - Stary Svojanov, Predmesti, Dolni Lhota, Studenec, Hute. The village of Svojanov has 410 inhabitants and it is rich not just for its history but also for the beautiful countryside that surrounds it.
The construction of this late baroque church was finalized in 1788. Later alterations had almost no impact on its initial appearance and therefore it is now protected as a national heritage. The roof renovation has also retained the initial structure - the timbers in the top bulb of the tower was inscribed as completed in 1788. The baroque pulpit in the church is decorated with wooden sculptures, the main altar is made in the Empire
style, and the interior is embellished with illusionistic paintings and stucco windowsills. The side-altars, pews and organ are modern.
No historical records about the reasons for building this chapel have been found. Inside the chapel a wooden sculpture of St. John of Nepomuk is standing on a pedestal which is inscribed with the year 1710. The sculpture, crucifix and lamp with an eternal light are protected as a national heritage. The chapel is shaded by two huge linden trees planted probably in the late 1780s in memory of the consecration of the St. Peter and Paul's Church in Svojanov.